In 1974 the CRI standard that we use today gave us our colour rendition standard. Today TM-30-15 is a new method to evaluate colour rendition; it includes several measures and graphics to evaluate the Fidelity (Rf) and Gamut (Rg) of a source when compared to a reference light source – a tungsten halogen source. Unlike the Color Rendering Index (CRI) which only considers the average accuracy of the 15 limited colour samples, TM-30 widens the comparative colour samples and offers a more comprehensive way to evaluate overall rendition.
The Color Fidelity Index (RF)
TM-30 Evaluates Color Spaces And 99 Color Samples
The Fidelity Index of TM-30 uses the average value of 99 colour samples; CRI, however, only uses 8 to generate the Ra value. Why does this matter? Well, there are many more than 8 colours within the visible spectrum, so using such a limited sample set to try and describe colour rendering performance means that the reproduction of a subject’s visual appearance may vary significantly under the artificial source when compared to natural daylight. An Rf value of 100 means that the test source renders the colour samples in exactly the same way as the reference source and therefore is very close to natural daylight.
The Color Gamut Index (RG)
The colour Gamut Index, or Rg, represents the average saturation shift of the source compared to the reference illuminant. Values greater than 100 can be visualized as an increase in average saturation, whereas values less than 100 represent a decrease. Find great examples of manipulating the Gamut with ALPHABET Vibrancy or Beauty CCT. Vibrancy Series makes objects look more vivid. Imagine the first time you saw an HDTV. Whites, reds and blues pop and become rich and saturated. See the Vector index below for an illustration.
The Color Vector Index
In addition to the two indices, Color Vector Graphics are used to visually highlight gamut changes. The reference light source is represented by the black circle, deviation outside of this region shows an increase in saturation for the given colour (Think ALPHABET VIBRANCY Series or BEAUTY Series for deviation outside), whereas a shift within, shows a saturation decrease for the given hue. The accompanying arrows between reference and source depict the gamut vector shift.